Pranayama – breath control, which helps to calm down and relax physically and mentally. Thanks to conscious breathing, oxygen is completely renewed in the lungs, its level in the blood increases, as well as the level of vital energy.
Pranayama allows you to gain health and inner peace, cope with stress. Proper breathing stimulates circulation and helps to remove toxins from the body. The practice of pranayama improves the condition of patients with asthma, chronic bronchitis.
The purpose of breathing exercises is to control the duration and quality of inhalations and exhalations, with a gradual slowdown. Exhalation in duration should correspond to inhalation, and it is better, if it will be twice as long. The stomach during exercise should be relaxed.
First you need to learn how to control your breathing with your stomach and chest. After that, you need to go to a full breath, which includes both types.
The belly breathing should be practiced sitting or lying on the floor, hands should be placed on the stomach just below the navel. During the exercise, completely relax so that you feel how smoothly the stomach rises and falls and how the diaphragm moves when breathing. When inhaling, the stomach rises, when exhaled, it goes down. Take ten breaths and ten expirations.
Breathing with your chest, too, perform sitting or lying on the floor, putting your hands on the ribs on the sides. The stomach must be retracted so that when oxygen is inhaled, oxygen will fill the upper part of the lungs. Breathe the air with your chest, do not let it penetrate deep into the lungs, it should stay at the level of the chest. Feel the chest rise when inhaled and lower as you exhale.
Also on the floor, proceed to full breathing, exhale and release the body from stagnant air. Inhale, gradually filling the lower, middle and upper parts of the lungs. Slowly exhale, release completely the lungs from the air. During inspiration, you should feel how the abdomen, diaphragm and chest alternately rise.