Conventionally, infections dangerous during pregnancy can be divided into two types: those that are dangerous to”buy” before pregnancy, as well as those that pose an immediate threat, arising directly during pregnancy .
When in childhood we heard that it`s better to get sick with some diseases before the growing up period, we did not quite understand what was being said. And only when faced with the planning of pregnancy, many of us understand why such an assertion is not without logic. Some infectious diseases occurring in childhood are almost harmless, for pregnant women pose a considerable danger. And the disease transferred in childhood means the production of antibodies, and, accordingly, the inability to become ill at a later age and during pregnancy.
Perhaps, chickenpox is potentially the least dangerous. Again: not completely safe, but least dangerous. Firstly, this disease rarely passes unnoticed, and an adult almost always knows if he has had chicken pox as a child. Secondly, chickenpox in 90% of cases – it is an infantile disease. And thirdly, it is characterized by a relatively low risk of fetal damage. Chicken pox falls into the category of” infections dangerous in pregnancy ” if it occurred before the 20th week of pregnancy, and also immediately before or after childbirth.
But this does not mean at all that chickenpox on”safe” terms of pregnancy is not an occasion to ponder and urgently seek medical attention. The risk exists, and only the specialist can determine how to minimize it.
Rubella also usually occurs with characteristic signs, less pronounced in childhood and more pronounced in the adult. Girls who survived rubella in childhood are actually protected from this infection during pregnancy , since after this disease a persistent long-term immunity is formed.
If there is no immunity to rubella, the pregnant woman should protect herself in every possible way from this infection, as she is classified as dangerous during pregnancy infections . There is a regularity: the earlier the term on which the future mother has contracted rubella, the greater the probability of a fetus, up to his death.
Known ways to protect against rubella are vaccinations that can be done only before pregnancy, as well as avoiding contacts with a sick person (given the existence of the incubation period, and also that the disease is transmitted by airborne droplets, to women who do not who was ill with rubella and did not undergo vaccination, it is necessary to be extremely cautious).
Special attention to the medical profession to this! infection during pregnancy! , like toxoplasmosis. It is dangerous for two reasons. Firstly, it poses a real threat to the fetus, and secondly, it may not have any external signs that would say that the woman was ill with toxoplasmosis.
At the planning stage of pregnancy, it is advisable to pass tests for toxoplasmosis. If antibodies are found from the results of the tests, this means that the woman has already been infected with toxoplasmosis, and during pregnancy this infection is not terrible for her. If there are no antibodies to toxoplasmosis, you need to take all the necessary measures to protect yourself and your unborn baby from the appearance of this infection during pregnancy .
Since the main carriers of toxoplasmosis are representatives of the feline family, pregnant women who have not had toxoplasmosis, it is desirable to limit their communication with cats. In addition, meat consumed by pregnant women should be well cooked or roasted, and all vegetables, fruits and greens – thoroughly washed.
There are infections that pose a danger in case of infection both during pregnancy and before it. One of these infections is a cytomegalovirus infection. On the presence of a woman may not even guess, but its aggravation or acquisition during pregnancy can be dangerous to the fetus.
It is believed that the more dangerous is the primary infection during pregnancy, and less dangerous is the aggravation of an already existing infection. To avoid infection during pregnancy, it is important to remember that cytomegalovirus is transmitted through blood, saliva, semen. And if at the stage of pregnancy planning was detected cytomegalovirus, it is important to strengthen immunity in order to avoid exacerbation of infection.
It`s about genital herpes, which, if infected in the first half of pregnancy, can lead to miscarriage and undeveloped pregnancy, and in the second half to the birth of congenital anomalies in the fetus.
In the case of such a infection in pregnancy infection of the fetus can occur in two ways – through the placenta or during labor during the passage of the birth canal. In certain circumstances, even a planned cesarean section is shown to avoid passing the child through the birth canal.
Other infections that are dangerous during pregnancy
When planning a pregnancy, it is desirable to”part” even with such trivial diagnoses as thrush (vaginal candidiasis), not to mention chlamydia, mycoplasmosis, gardnerelleza and other equally pleasant diagnoses.
The stage of pregnancy planning is very important, but we will be frank: not all couples go through it, and most of the tests are given for the first time already during pregnancy. If, according to the results of such tests, infections, dangerous during pregnancy are found, JustLady advises in no case to engage in self-medication. Self-medication and for non-pregnant – a dangerous thing, and during pregnancy and at all can lead to disastrous consequences. The doctor involved in the management of pregnancy should appoint an adequate treatment that minimizes all risks.