Sleepwalking is not a mental illness and does not depend on the phase of the heavenly body that gave it the name. This unusual condition is a violation of sleep. Often it happens against a background of a nervous system disorder. The causes of somnambulism, as the changed state of the physician is called, are often hidden in overexertion. Long-term stress, increased anxiety, and lack of sleep can trigger an attack of adulthood in adults.
The human brain does not withstand the daily powerful information and emotional loads. Therefore, at night, he continues to work intensively, sorting out daytime impressions. In this case, consciousness is cut off. At some point, the brain sends signals to various organs that are performed at the level of automatic reactions.
More often lunatics are impressionable people, the nervous system of which is more quickly excited and remains in the”upturned” state longer. Such a person must necessarily undergo a medical examination. Encephalogram of the brain can help to exclude the diagnosis of”epilepsy”, a sign of which may be sleepwalking. If there are no serious violations in the brain, treatment will be carried out with medications that reduce anxiety.
Children also suffer from sleepwalking. Night”travel” they can commit during a disease accompanied by high fever. Sleep disturbances are caused by teenage experiences, conflict situations in the family and school, and a busy schedule of training sessions. Children`s sleepwalking in most cases does not require medical treatment. As the child`s nervous system grows stronger, acquiring the ability to withstand emotional overload. Nightly adventures stop, leaving no consequences.
A typical case of sleepwalking looks to others as a series of fully conscious actions. A person sits on the bed in the middle of the night or walks around the rooms. He can talk to his relatives. The lunatic will even answer simple questions. Sometimes he can move very actively, for example, go out into the street, get in a car, do homework.
The attack of somnambulism lasts, as a rule, 15-40 minutes. Then the person will return to bed and peacefully spend the rest of the night. Memories of a night”journey” almost always erode from the memory of a sleepwalker. If he still remembers something, then only about as an element of sleep.
Somnambulism is dangerous injuries. Moving unconsciously, a person can harm himself or others. Sleepwalkers often take the windows behind the doors and try to get out of them. They stumble upon large objects and stuff bruises and cones. Glass objects, electrical appliances, sockets and loose wires are of great danger. By hitting these objects, a person can seriously injure himself. It is extremely rare at the time of the death of people attacking others, but still such cases are known.
If possible, the path of the lunatic must be freed from potentially dangerous items, and the doors and windows tightly closed. You can not scare a person, loudly shout at him, slow him down. Wake up sleepwalker is almost impossible. Doctors advise to carefully carry it to bed, put in bed, say in a quiet voice a few soothing words.
To prevent attacks of somnambulism, compliance with the regime of the day will help, especially this rule for children. Get up and go to bed every day at the same time, avoiding fatigue and lack of sleep. Before going to bed, it is necessary to ventilate the room well, close the windows with thick curtains. If you fall asleep interfere with other sounds, you can use ear plugs. At night, do not drink a lot of liquid, overeat and play sports.