For example, fluorography helps in time to recognize lung diseases, and mammograms – diseases of the mammary glands. Nevertheless, the frequent appointment of an X-ray without a serious reason has a negative impact on health. In complex situations, it is much easier not to engage in diagnostic search, and immediately assign a computer tomography, which gives the most powerful radiation load. And many doctors use this every day.
The term”beam load” has nothing to do with the word”irradiation”. Many methods of radiation diagnosis are safe for patients, for example, ultrasound. According to WHO, for more than half a century of using the use of ultrasound, its side effects have not been revealed. And the informativeness of the method is not inferior to computed tomography. There is another alternative – magnetic resonance imaging, which uses nuclear magnetic resonance, that is, the radiation load does not occur, and the information content of the images remains high.
Radiography remains the main method of diagnosing lesions of the osteoarticular system, the procedure plays an important role in the examination of the lungs, especially as a screening method.
In order to protect yourself, it is recommended to have a diary of a radiation load, where you can enter information about the studies you have completed. It is not difficult to find out the figures, they are indicated in the text of the conclusion of the radiologist (or after the name of the procedure or in the upper right corner of the form). It is worth choosing medical facilities with new equipment. Surveys on old devices that have exhausted their life are potentially dangerous.
If possible, preference should be given to diagnostic methods without radiation. If a doctor prescribes an X-ray, you can ask if there is an alternative to this procedure. Without the consent of the patient, doctors will not be able to take even a blood test, let alone more serious methods of examination. It is important to observe the rule that harm from X-rays in each case should be commensurate with the expected benefit from the results of the research.
The permissible load is 1 m3v radiation per year for an average of five years, but not more than 5 m3v per year (in addition to natural exposure). Limit radiation exposure in medical studies per year: 1 m3v. Ultrasound, MRI does not have any radiation load on the body.